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Diabetic Coma – Symptoms & Causes

sugar test in Punjabi Bagh

Diabetic coma is considered to be a life-threatening complication that results in persistent unconsciousness. In case you are stricken with diabetes, a dangerously high blood sugar level (hyperglycemia) or an abnormally low blood sugar level (hypoglycemia) can give rise to the condition of a diabetic coma.

In the event you backslide into a condition of diabetic coma, you’re still breathing and having a life. But you lose the ability to wake up or make a response to sights, sounds or other stimulating senses purposefully. If left untreated, a diabetic coma can even lead to a fatality.

Undoubtedly, the concept of diabetic coma is quite frightful but you can take steps to help prevent it. You can initiate your regime by adhering to a stringent diabetes treatment plan.


Prior to contracting a diabetic coma, you’ll mostly run into signs and symptoms of high or low blood sugar.

High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) symptoms are evident from:

  • Heightened thirst
  • Repeated urination
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Stomach ache
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Stomach pain
  • Dryness in the mouth
  • Fruity breath odor
  • Rapid heartbeat

Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) is marked by the following signs:

Signs and symptoms of a low blood sugar level may include:

  • Anxiety
  • Weakness
  • Shakiness or nervousness
  • Fatigue
  • Sweating
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Increased appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Difficulty in speaking
  • Sensation of confusion

A few sugar patients, who’re diabetic for a long time usually evolve into a condition called hypoglycemia unawareness where the typical warning signs that indicate a potential fall in blood sugar level don’t appear obvious.

Given that you come across any such symptom, have your levels examined through a blood sugar test in Punjabi Bagh and take after your diabetes treatment regime based on the observations found in the test results. If you feel that you aren’t feeling better or your condition is worsening quickly, call for urgent help.

Causes of diabetic coma

If your blood sugar level is either excessively high or low for an extended period, you may be racked with severe conditions, all paths leading to diabetic coma.

Diabetic ketoacidosis

In this particular condition, the cells which constitute your body muscles become deprived of energy. The response which your body comes back with is a disintegration of your body’s fat reserves. This process gives rise to the formation of toxins known as ketones. These ketones can be measured in your blood or urine along with your test for sugar in Punjabi bagh, GK. High ketone and blood sugar presence indicate the formation of diabetic ketoacidosis. If this ailment isn’t treated in time, it can engender diabetic coma. In fact, diabetic ketoacidosis is most commonly found in type 1 diabetes. But it’s occasionally found in type 2 diabetes as well, besides gestational diabetes.

Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome

If the blood sugar level in your body exceeds 600 milli grams per deciliter (mg per dL) or 33.3 mill moles per liter (mmol per L), the condition is referred to as a diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome.

If your blood sugar is in excess, the texture of your blood becomes thick and viscous. The superfluous sugar passes out through the urine. This prompts a filtering process that results in absorption of huge amounts of fluids from your body. If not treated in time, it can lead to life-endangering dehydration and a subsequent diabetic coma. Research indicates roughly 25 to 50 percent people suffering from diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome fall ill with diabetic coma.


For proper functioning, your brain requires glucose. In acute cases of low blood sugar, your chances to pass out increase manifold. Excessive insulin presence or food deficiency causes Hypoglycemia. The same effect can be reproduced if you exercise inordinately or resort to drinking too much alcohol.

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