Exposure to toxic substances exerts influence on the body in multiple ways. Thankfully, the body has implicit mechanisms, primarily residing in the liver and the kidneys that take care to deal with and eliminate many of these hazardous substances.
The liver and the kidneys not just help to remove the toxic substances from the body. The kidneys perform supplemental functions in maintaining the blood volume and regulating the bloodstream’s mineral content.
The liver, on the other hand, transforms nutrients into energy forms, builds proteins and conserves carbohydrates. Although these organs can be amazingly resilient in the disposal of toxins, their additional functions can be hampered all the while.
Damage done to the kidneys and liver can manifest in the form of acute or chronic diseases. Medical screening in Punjabi Bagh, Delhi, aimed at detecting chronic kidney and liver diseases includes tests that take to measuring how effectively these vital organs are functioning instead of ascertaining the amount of the live-in toxic substances.
While this approach is governed by several reasons, however, the principal reason is attributed to the presence of substances that give rise to chronic disease of the kidney and liver, yet are difficult to be detected inside the body.
There are several kidneys and liver functioning tests in Punjabi Bagh available for abnormality detection. These are mainly blood examinations known as kidney and liver functions tests. In a typical profile of blood chemistry, two kidney function tests (KFTs) and six liver function tests (LFTs) are conducted.
A typical KFT doesn’t measure enzymes. They measure the breakdown products of the process related to the body’s normal functioning. When there’s a breakdown of protein, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) is generated as a consequence. The formation of BUN happens in the liver. It’s transmitted through the bloodstream to the kidneys and then eliminated.
Creatinine is another breakdown product that belongs to a certain type of protein present in the muscle. After its formation in the muscles, Creatinine is circulated through the bloodstream and finally removed through the kidneys. When the kidneys are damaged, they’re unable to get rid of the normal amount of these toxic substances. In this way, BUN and Creatinine levels in the blood show a significant rise.
Most of the liver function tests (LFTs) measure the enzyme levels. However, LFT doesn’t measure the levels of bilirubin. The enzymes which the LFT measures are generally present in liver cells. While flowing through the bloodstream, the enzymes maintain a normal level.
When the liver invites a damage or inflammation, the harmed cells release the enzymes in atypical levels into the bloodstream. This causes origination of elevated levels within the bloodstream. The breakdown of RBCs causes bilirubin and helps detect potential liver ailments. At the same time, the liver continuously eliminates bilirubin from the bloodstream. With further processing, a normal bilirubin level is maintained. When the liver is damaged, bilirubin remains in the bloodstream causing its level to rise.
Kidney and Liver tests help us gain an understanding of the levels of pivotal bodily elements. These are key to diagnose normal functioning of kidney and liver. The results of these functional tests pinpoint the detection of a urinary tract infection (UTI), urinary tract injury, kidney disease, liver disease or diabetes. Several components such as Bilirubin, Leucocytes, Glucose, Proteins, Ketones, Nitrates, Hematuria are tested. If the test results are found to be abnormal, other tests need to be performed before going forward with a definite diagnosis.