In case it’s suspected that you’ve contracted cancer, your oncologist may suggest a few specific blood tests and separate laboratory tests fortify your apprehension about the cancer attack. These tests also include urine analysis and biopsy of the potentially affected area to help navigate the diagnosis in the right direction.
Except for blood cancer, for the most part, blood tests can’t affirm on the dot, if you’ve got cancer or any other non-malignant condition. However, the tests can offer your doctor several clues worthy of attention to check up on your body’s internal conditions.
Leading diagnostic centers in Punjabi Bagh, Delhi, provide insightful blood tests to reaffirm the probable inception of cancer. But just because your doctor orders a blood test in Punjabi Bagh to scout for cancer indications, it doesn’t imply that a comprehensive diagnosis has been completed and you’ve got cancer. It’s necessary to comprehend what your doctor intends to look for when the cancer blood tests are conducted.
The blood samples collected are analyzed to trace the signs of cancer. But what do these samples expose to view? Cancer cells, proteins and alternative substances formed because of cancer. From these tests, your doctor can also derive an idea about the degree of the normal functioning of your organs or if they’re afflicted by cancer.
The following individual blood tests are used to detect cancerous presence.
It measures the quantity of the different blood cells in your blood sample. If your blood contains too many or too few of a certain blood cell or abnormal cells, the detection of cancer becomes easier. Besides, a biopsy of the bone marrow can help assert the diagnosis of blood cancer.
An electrophoresis test is performed to scrutinize different proteins within your bloodstream. It helps discern a few specific immune system proteins called immunoglobulins that show a sudden rise in people suffering from multiple myeloma.
Tumor cells give rise to the formation of unique chemicals called tumor markers. These markers find their presence felt in your blood. It may be noted that a few normal body cells also produce tumor markers whose levels may rise grossly even in noncancerous conditions. This definite aspect constrains the prospects of tumor marker tests in helping to diagnose cancer. Just in very uncommon situations would such a tumor marker test be viewed as enough to make a tight diagnosis of the life-threatening ailment.
Sundry examples of tumor marker tests incorporate prostate-specific antigen (PSA) for prostate cancer, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) for liver cancer, calcitonin for medullary thyroid cancer, cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) for ovarian cancer and beta human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) for cancer related to germ cells like the ones found in testes and ovary.
These are pioneering blood tests used for detecting cells which after breaking away from the original cancerous area float in the bloodstream. One particular designed and approved circulating tumor cell test monitors malignancies in breast, prostate or rectum. Note that this test isn’t actually performed in a clinical ambiance.
Several factors can exert influence on the test outcomes. These include various bodily changes or even the sustenance you take in. Therefore, test results need to be interpreted meticulously.
Furthermore, be mindful of the fact that nonmalignant conditions can occasionally trigger abnormal results. Conversely, you may also come across scenarios where in spite of the presence of cancer, the test results exhibit normalcy.
Your doctor will review the results of your blood test in Punjabi Bagh and ascertain if your blood count falls inside a normal range. Alternatively, your doctor may take to comparing your most recent report findings with the past ones.