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Dengue Fever- Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

dengue test in delhi

Dengue, also known as DENG-gey, is a severe form of mosquito-borne, fever-bound disease which is usually found in regions having tropical and subtropical climates. A mild form of dengue gives rise to high fever, the appearance of rashes along with muscle and joint pains. When dengue assumes acute proportions, it’s called dengue hemorrhagic fever. This is characterized by grievous bleeding, a drastic fall in blood pressure mostly due to shock and eventual death.

Numerous cases of dengue infection get reported at our diagnostic centers in Lajpat Nagar and Punjabi Bagh. Although researchers and scientists are working painstakingly to invent a vaccine for dengue fever, as of now, the best option to prevent dengue is reducing mosquito habitat in areas where the prevalence of the disease is widespread.

Symptoms

In case of mild dengue fever, most individuals, particularly children, and teenagers may come across absolutely no signs or symptoms. When finally the symptoms do manifest, they become apparent nearly four to seven days later from the time when the infected mosquito bites you.

Dengue results in high fever and can your body temperature can go up to 104 F degrees. In addition, a couple of symptoms listed below also spring up.

  • Muscle, bone and joint pain
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Swelling in glands
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Rash

It’s crucial to go and carry out a dengue test in Lajpat Nagar if you experience these discernible symptoms. A positive dengue test detects the presence of dengue antibodies namely IgG and IgM. Ideally, most dengue infections get cured and recovered within a week’s period. However, sometimes, the symptoms can exacerbate and become life-threatening. Under such circumstances, blood vessels become damaged frequently and start leaking. At the same time, the platelets (clot-forming blood cells) count shows a sudden drop. This sparks off a serious dengue hemorrhagic fever also called dengue shock syndrome.

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is an emergency condition fraught with the danger of even mortality. The symptoms include:

  • Terrible pain in the abdomen
  • Continuous vomiting
  • Oozing of blood from your nose or gums
  • Passage of blood through your vomit, urine or stool
  • Bleeding under the skin giving the impression of bruises
  • Shortness in breath
  • Cold and sweaty skin due to shock
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Irritability or restlessness

If your dengue test in Punjabi Bagh shows affirmative result and you encounter many of the exigency symptoms mentioned above, you should consult a doctor immediately who in most certainty will ask you to get admitted to a hospital. The ramifications may not be so grave in case of the milder variety of the fever.

Causes

There are four types of dengue viruses any of which can trigger dengue fever. The mosquitoes which inhabit and thrive in and around human lodgings spread the viruses. A mosquito biting a dengue patient picks up the virus, gets infected and bites a healthy person making the virus enter the person's bloodstream. In this way, the fever proliferates often takes the form of an epidemic.

Once you recover from the dengue fever, you develop the immunity against that particular virus, of the four, which caused the infection in you. However, you’re still vulnerable to the remaining three virus types. The risk of catching dengue hemorrhagic fever compounds when you get infected with the viruses multiple times.

Prevention

Dengvaxia is the only vaccine which is currently approved. It can be used to treat dengue fever between ages 9 and 45. The vaccine is administered in three doses in the course of 12 months. Dengvaxia is recognized to prevent dengue-infection approximately a little more than half the time. The World Health Organization emphasizes the fact that the vaccine isn’t a very effective tool to stave off dengue. Curbing and controlling mosquito breeding and human exposure are the most critical aspects as far as prevention efforts are concerned.

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